Making candles is easy. Making them correctly takes a little bit more work.
One thing I have found with those wanting to make their first time candle is that they think they can use any old wick and it will do the job. This is not the case. The success or failure of your candle is 80% to do with your wick selection. Please do not skip this step of your materials selection process.
One of the more popular candles at the moment is soy wax container candles. If you would like to make your own here is a guide to make that happen for you that will work with any container and soy wax option.
What you will need…
1. Check your glassware for faults and flaws.
2. Wash in hot soapy water and dry thoroughly.
3.When completely dry adhere your wick to the very centre of the internal base of the glassware with a wick stickum or a hot glue gun to the metal wick tab. Press down firmly using a pen or chopstick.
4.Support the top end of the wick with a wick holder across the rim of the glass. Place a peg on the extended piece of wick if you feel the added tension is required.
To work out the amount of wax you will need take the advertised volume of your jar and multiply it by 0.85 to give the weight of wax you will need in grams.
** If you do not know the capacity of your jar, weigh your jar, tare your scales, leave the jar on the scales and fill with water to the brim. The weight is your volume capacity. **
Decide on your fragrance load between 5-10% - I find 8% a comfortable figure to work with, but it is up to you.
As your soy wax is measured by weight, so is your fragrance.
As an example, a jar with 200gm capacity x 0.85 = 170gm soy wax
170gm of wax x 8% fragrance = 13.6gm fragrance
5.Weigh out both your wax and fragrance in accordance with your calculations.
Refer to the supplier’s details to ensure you know the correct melt limits as well as correct pour temperatures for the wax you have selected. Nature wax details can be found here
6.Place the wax in your microwave proof jug and heat in 30 second intervals ensuring you stir in between bursts to allow even heat distribution. As the wax nears being fully molten ensure temperatures are monitored with a thermometer to allow the correct melt temperature to be achieved. Ensure all wax is liquified by stirring solids through the hotter liquid thoroughly.
7.Add any colour you may wish to use and stir well to distribute evenly.
8.Monitor the wax temperature carefully and add your fragrance as it approaches the correct pour temperature. The cooler fragrance temperature and aeration of the wax by thorough stirring will reduce the wax temperature so diligent attention may be required. When the correct pour temperature has been achieved pour the wax carefully into the prepared glassware (warming your glassware may be beneficial in cooler conditions), slow and steady. Try not to incorporate additional air when pouring as this can cause unsightly bubbles to form in your wax. Cease pouring about 1cm from the top of the glass to ensure there is a small wind buffer around your flame, as well as being able to add any lid that may be desired.
Leave your new candle undisturbed until completely set up and the wax is cold.
Remove any wick tetherings you have used and trim the wick with scissors or tin snips to 3/4cm in length. Place a warning label on the base of your candle.
For best results allow to cure for 24-96 hours. (this just means let it sit to blend wax and fragrance for a stronger result)
Lighting it now will not cause any detrimental results if you just have to...